There is no human rights mechanism that can ensure the Saharawi people political and socio-economic rights, due to the presence of an occupying power on a territory where it has no sovereignty and people who are entitled to decide their future through a referendum.
The Moroccan occupying forces, in the occupied territories of Western Sahara, sort to state terrorist campaigns targeting the Saharawis especially women.
The Saharawi women live in very difficult political, economic and social circumstances; lack of security and stability and the Moroccan forces oppression including; detention, arbitrary arrests and beating.
These brutal practices have its own negative impact on groups and individuals feelings alike.
The Saharawi women suffered and are still suffering the Moroccan state terrorist oppression and intimidation campaigns and attitudes sorting to detention, kidnappings and a large-scale of systematic killings and subjecting the Saharawis to a wide range of torture methods and inhuman practices to make them give up their legitimate revendications
Violence and detention in the Moroccan police centers and prisons such as Agdez, Maguna and Assaura led that many Saharawi women died in custody.
The Moroccan forces adopt violent criminal approaches that have dangerous psychological and physical impacts on the Saharawi women who still live with negative consequences of fear and insecurity which have also complicated their interaction in the society even after leaving the prisons
These brutal practices carried out by the occupying authorities, both in Southern part of Morocco and occupied territories, are well- documented by local and international human rights organizations stating cases of kidnappings; 35% of the Saharawi women has been kidnapped at least once in their life.
The occupying forces are massively deployed around all the Saharawi cities including their permanent presence in educational institutions.
Saharawi children have been sacked out of schools and deprived from registration after participating in pacific demonstrations and writing slogans that call for the right of self-determination for instance Nguiya Hauassi and Hayat Rgueibi.
Despite of the difficult circumstances, the Saharawi women in the occupied territories play a crucial role in defending human rights and preserving the Saharawi heritage, in addition to their role in the Iintifada.
Summary of the Saharawi women’ roles:
Human rights: self-educated Saharawi women have been able to cope with internal, regional and international issues and join Saharawi and international organizations and committees.
They set the milestones for the Saharawi women’s forum and committee of the mothers of 15 disappeared in order to monitor, report on human rights violations committed by the occupying authorities and contact the media and the international organizations. Moreover, the Saharawi women have attended many sessions of UN human rights council, organized many sensibilization campaigns in different countries world-wide exposing the unacceptable situation of the Saharawis under the occupation.
The Saharawi women play a very determinant role in organizing, supervising the committed feminist struggle and encouraging women to take part in the pacific intifada.
The Saharawi women issue communiques and declarations in all national event in order to keep women incorporated, informed and motivated.
This approach encourages the Saharawi women and consolidates the continuity and resilience while facing the Moroccan occupation.
The Saharawi women’s role in the intifada.
The Saharawi women’s role is so essential; they have been able to keep resilient facing the Moroccan occupation and its plots which aim at pushing them to surrender.
The Saharawi women have taken part in all the pacific protests in the occupied territories calling for self-determination and all demonstrations against the Moroccan occupation and lost their beloved sons as martyrs.
03) Preserving the heritage.
Despite the hard circumstances under the occupation, the Saharawi women have been able to preserve the Saharawi national identity and heritage and bring up their sons in accordance with the values and traditions of the Saharawis.
The Saharawi women have been able to teach their sons patriotism and sacrifice principles and maintain the Saharawi dialect alive and transfer it to the new generations.
The Saharawi women still wear the traditional clothing and contribute to keep the traditional industry, despite of the Morocco’s displacement policy which seeks to absorb and Morrocanize the Saharawi culture.