01.
HISTORY
Nuestros inicios y nuestra trayectoria
02.
Objectives
Que nos mueve a seguir luchando
03.
Structure
Como nos organizamos para trabajar mejor.
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The Saharawi women have been so active and saved no efforts for the country’s sake. The revolutionary activities started at the eve of the revolutionary movement showing the Saharawis the negative of consequences of the Spanish colonialism, the plunder of the country natural resources and spreading anti-colonialism ideas. The Saharawi women played a very crucial role in June 1970’s uprising known as Zamla intifada.

Salka Dalal, known as the mother of the homeland, reflects women’s involvement in the struggle; she received, at her home, the uprising prisoners after their release in 1971 and continued the revolutionary activities, in addition to many Saharawi women who gave their beloved sons for the liberation of Western Sahara, the same women gave up all their belongs to support and finance the revolution

The women’s union phase 1973- 1976
Since the Constitutive Congress of the Polisario front in 10th May 1973 and the establishment of a national political system that represents all the Saharawis wherever they are, the Saharawi women had formed the majority that responded to the call of the Polisario, expressed their understanding of the national goals and were the main determinant factor to mobilize the grassroots.
At that early stage, women were able to gather food for the fighters, secure communication between the factions and cells and played a very essential role orienting, supervising and organizing the grassroots.
With patriotism, the Saharawi women confronted the Spanish colonialism and challenged it directly in 1974’s historic uprising calling for the withdrawal of the colonizers and release of all prisoners. As result, women were imprisoned and tortured but they didn’t give up.
The Saharawi women were so dynamic and effective within the branches, unions, factions and committees of the political system.
As such, The Saharawi women led the process of uprising awareness about the ideology of the revolution and were so creative adopting the poems, songs and expressive words to keep the spirits up.
Taking part in the military effort, the Saharawi women did everything possible including; making goat skins, drying food, securing cohesion with the fighters, providing national flags, clothes, medicaments, weapons and strengthening ties among the fighters.
With the progress made by 10th of May revolution and its rejection to the presence of the Spanish colonialism, Madrid tri-party treaty was signed in 14th November 1975 between Spain, Morocco and Mauritania leading to the Spanish withdrawal and paving the path for the Moroccan invasion from the North, the Mauritanian one from the South and the East and the territory plunged in a very dangerous transitional period.
The three parties deal aimed at dividing the Saharawi territory into two parts and exterminating the Saharawis at once.
Thousands of children, women and eldest people escaped their homeland, under the bombardment of internationally banned napalm and white phosphorus, seeking shelter in the South-West of Algeria. Meanwhile, all men joined the frontlines ( North, South-East and South).
In those circumstances, the Saharawi women faced a historic challenge and experience that hasn’t finished yet; the caders of the women’s wing established the central administration in Rabuni, the main refugee site at that time. The administration roles were to organize the camps, distribute food and secure the camps.
It was the beginning of a new era and the establishment of the state in the exile. Many Saharawi women fell in the battle field defending their homeland such as martyrs Chaia Ahmed Zain and Khuayla Laulad Hadda and her new-born baby and others.

The women’s union phase from 1976-1985.

The Saharawi women had significantly contributed to setting the conditions and circumstances before the declaration of the republic through their effective participation in the political and social life of the Saharawi people and their capacity to mobilize women who were conscious of the objectives of the revolution and the state establishment.
The leadership vision towards women was the main factor that led to establishing a civil society organization in charge of women affairs and defends their rights and causes.
As a proof of that vision, POLISARIO’s then leader Luali attended women’s conference held in 1976.
The conference aimed at:
Setting up a feminist organization under a Saharawi leadership where effective women can be gathered and mobilized in order to manage and run the dairas (municipalities) in the Sahrawi refugee camps. The Saharawi women were able to be the mayors of the dairas. Minatu Mohamed Ahmed Lemraidani, then the first secretary general of the women’s union, was elected to be a member of the leadership of the POLISARIO front in its second congress held 1976.
The structure of the women’s union and its prerogatives;
Martyr Luali Mostapha Sayed’s speech emphasized on the role of women in the development of the society;

The Saharawi women continued the struggle supporting the men in the frontline and resisting the Mauritanian-Moroccan invasion.

The major part of Western Sahara is still under the Moroccan occupation which built a 2720 km wall that divides the territory into two parts. Meanwhile, Mauritania signed Algiers peace treaty in 1979 as a result of the brave resistance of the Saharawi popular liberation army.

The Saharawi women played a very crucial role holding weapons side by side with the men and providing medical assistance to the injured in battle fields, in addition to, running and organizing the Saharawi refugee camps in the South of Algeria.

At that time also, the Saharawi women led sensibilization campaigns against the plots of the enemy which were targeting the morale of the Saharawi people. In order to preserve the acquis, the Saharawi women decided to continue the struggle, work at the internal and external levels and paved the way for holding the first congress of the union.

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The National Union of the Saharawi Women.

In this phase, the constitutive congress was held setting the guidelines of the National Union of the Saharawi Women NUSW as one of the mechanisms to ensure the rights of women in the society.

The congress was named after the martyr Juayta Laulad Hadda held from 23rd to 25th March 1985 in 27th February school under the theme:” the all homeland or martyrdom”.
Many feminist leaders had insisted on holding the congress after a long period of stagnation due to that many members had left the union and incorporated into the state administrative institutions ( popular councils, committees and administrations…), also, the unclear profiles of the union, overlapping prerogatives of its members and the limited structure on the top.

The congress was a historic turning point, despite of the lack of experience, limitation of discours and qualified personnel who could implement a very comprehensive program. It was covered by the media and attended by many continental and international delegations.

The second congress held from 24th to 26th February 1990 in 27th February school under the theme “The Saharawi women a mobilized force for national independence and progress”.

The third congress held from 24th to 26th February 1996 in 27th February school under the theme “ Pro-natalist policy, in the face of genocide, a guarantee for imposing sovereignty”

The fourth congress held from 29th to 30th March 2002 in 27th February school under the theme “The Saharawi women to achieve the Pan-African women’s decade goals”.

The fifth congress held from 5th to 7th April 2007 in 27th February school under the theme “The Saharawi women a partner for liberation and development”.

The sixth congress named after Gdaim Izik camp and held from 22nd to 24th …..2011 in 27th February school under the theme “ the pro-natalist is an essential duty and eternal continuity message”

The seventh congress Gdaim Izik forever, held from 3rd to 5th April 2015 under the theme “The Saharawi women a symbol of pacific resistance”.

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